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A stock market is a marketplace where you may buy and sell a variety of financial products such as stocks, bonds, futures, and derivatives. Stock markets make it possible to trade any instrument you want.
In India, there are two main stock exchanges:
Share Markets : In the nation, there are two kinds of stock exchanges:
The primary share market : is where corporations and enterprises register their names. Companies sell their equities on the main share market to raise money. The term "initial public offering" refers to when a business registers on the main stock exchange and offers to sell its shares for the first time (IPO). You must realise that shares are a tangible representation of a tiny portion of the company's worth, and that holding shares entitles you to a portion of the company's ownership.
Secondary share market : The secondary share market is where a company's shares are actually traded. Following the listing of a company's stock on a stock exchange, investors may participate in trading, or the selling and purchase of shares at market prices. Only via a broker can you trade in the secondary stock market. You may simply establish a Demat Account and a Trading Account in today's digital era, after which you will be able to trade in stock markets through broking platforms.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), established in 1992 under the SEBI Act, is responsible for regulating and monitoring India's stock markets. SEBI is responsible for conducting inspections and establishing stock market regulations, in addition to general administrative supervision of stock markets.
It is critical that you realise that you can only trade stocks via a broker. Stockbrokers are financial middlemen that allow you to trade while charging you a brokerage charge. Stockbrokers and brokerage companies are registered with SEBI and serve as a conduit between investors and the stock market.
Before the internet, you had to personally visit brokers and give them instructions for trades. However, stockbrokers now provide digital trading platforms via which you may trade:
You must indicate the quantity of stocks to be sold or bought after giving the information of your Demat Account and Trading Account to the broker.
The broker verifies that your account has sufficient money.
Your order has been sent to the stock exchange for execution. If you've issued a buy order, for example, it'll be matched with a comparable sell order. You must settle a price, which will be confirmed by the vendor.
The transfer of ownership of shares is then confirmed by the exchange. The shares will be shown in your account in two working days after you get notification of the settlement.
You either earn a profit or a loss from the transaction, depending on market movement.
You may assess stocks by using the following methods:
For intraday trading, technical analysis : entails a minute study of the market. You must consider a variety of variables such as the moving average, the Relative Strength Index (RSI), and so on. Stockbroking firms offer trends, patterns, analyses, and reports that may be used to study stock movements.
Fundamental analysis : You may examine several important variables such as Returns on Equity, Earnings Yield, GP Margin, Debt to Equity Ratio, Interest Cover Ratio, Market Capitalization, and so on. This will give you a better understanding of stock pricing.
Market returns are often calculated using one of two methodologies:
Methodology of Absolute Return : Returns are calculated using factors such as the purchasing price, selling price, returns, and return %.
Methodology for Compound Annual Growth : The returns are computed here once the entire time period is taken into consideration. This approach is preferred by market professionals over the previous one.